Download A Box of Sand: The Italo-Ottoman War 1911-1912 by Charles Stephenson PDF

By Charles Stephenson

This is the 1st publication within the English language to supply an research of a clash that, in such a lot of methods, raised the curtain at the nice warfare. In September 1911, Italy declared struggle at the as soon as potent, transcontinental Ottoman Empire – however it used to be an Empire in decline. The formidable Italy made up our minds so as to add to her starting to be African empire via attacking Ottoman-ruled Tripolitania (Libya). The Italian motion started the speedy fall of the Ottoman Empire, which might finish with its disintegration on the finish of the 1st global struggle. The day after Ottoman Turkey made peace with Italy in October 1912, the Balkan League attacked within the First Balkan War.

The Italo-Ottoman battle, as a prelude to the unheard of hostilities that might keep on with, has such a lot of firsts and tips to the grim destiny: the 1st three-d struggle with aerial reconnaissance and bombing, and the 1st use of armored autos, working in live performance with traditional floor and naval forces; conflict fever whipped up via the Italian press; army incompetence and stalemate; classes in how to not struggle a guerrilla battle; mass dying from ailment and 10,000 extra from reprisals and executions. Thirty thousand males could die in a fight for what might defined as little greater than a scatolone di sabbia – a field of sand.

As acclaimed historian Charles Stephenson portrays during this ground-breaking examine, if there's an exemplar of the futility of conflict, this is often it. except the dying and the massive rate to Italy (much better than used to be initially envisaged), the most final result used to be to halve the Libyan inhabitants via emigration, famine and casualties.

The Italo-Ottoman conflict used to be a clash overshadowed through the good conflict – yet one that in lots of methods presaged the horrors to come back. A field of Sand could be of significant curiosity to scholars of army background and people with an curiosity within the historical past of North Africa and the improvement of know-how in war.

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